In 2021, 56,551 children were born in Norway. That is 2925 more than the year before, when 53,626 were born.
– This is very gratifying, but we do not know if it will continue. We know little about the reasons for the increase in the number of births, other than that they are complex, says chief physician Kristine Stangenes at the Medical Birth Register at the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH).
This is the first time in 13 years that birth rates have increased, and the increase is greatest in the north of the country.
– There is still the largest increase in northern Norway, but it is important to remember that this region had the largest decline in 2020, according to the superior.
In Nordland, birth rates increased by 11.5 per cent, and in Troms and Finnmark they increased by 9.2 per cent.
The lowest growth was in Vestforld and Telemark with an increase of 2.7 per cent, and in the Inland where there was an increase of 2.8 per cent.
The caesarean section rate decreased, and is now at 15.6 percent. In 1999, the same share was 12.9 per cent, but has been higher in recent years – 16.6 per cent in 2010 and 16 per cent in 2015.
The trend of fewer caesareans continues in Norway, and here we differ from most other western countries.
– The decline in Norway is probably related to our increased attention to avoiding unnecessary caesareans, Ferenc Macsali believes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an ideal cesarean section rate should be between 10 and 15 percent.
There is also an increase in the number of births initiated. In Norway, the percentage is now 28.5. but the differences are great between the hospitals.
– We are well aware that induction is debated in the professional community. Some countries have introduced induction for all pregnant women at the beginning of week 41 of pregnancy. If this is introduced in Norway, the proportion of induced births will naturally increase further, and may approach 40 percent, Ferenc Macsali estimates.
Every year, between 6,000 and 8,000 women pass the start of week 41, and today do not receive help to initiate childbirth.
The number of premature births remains stable, and the incidence of large tears at births is low – at 1.6 per cent.