Friday, January 28

Former Peace Prize winner Desmond Tutu has died. A life in the fight against injustice felt

The former Peace Prize winner turned 90 years old.

Desmond Tutu became internationally known for his opposition to apartheid. He became South Africa’s first black archbishop.

The former Peace Prize winner and South African archbishop has died, aged 90. It was the news agency Reuters that was the first to report the news.

Tutu became an internationally known name due to its opposition to apartheid in South Africa. This led to him being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984.

Tutu died in Cape Town, where he lived most of his life. In recent years, he has been affected by the aftermath of prostate cancer, and stayed away from the public.

Now he is being hailed around the world. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa says in a statement that the country is now in mourning.

Desmond Tutu was an unparalleled patriot. A principled and pragmatic leader, he says.

Foreign Minister Anniken Huitfeldt (Labor Party) writes on Twitter that Tutu made the world a better place.

Fought for human rights all his life

Tutu started the fight for human rights in South Africa in the 1970s. But it was not until the 1980s that he became known throughout the world as an opponent of the apartheid regime.

For several years he chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa. The commission followed up on crimes committed under the apartheid regime.

“Desmond Tutu’s voice will always be the voice of the voiceless,” former President Nelson Mandela said of Tutu.

In recent years, Tutu has been a leading figure in the fight for gay rights in South Africa. His daughter is married to a woman, and in 2016 had to resign her job as a priest due to her orientation.

Desmund Tutu leaves behind his wife Leah Nomalizo Tutu, four children and seven grandchildren.

This is one of the latest photos of Desmond Tutu. Here, the 90-year-old had just received a vaccine dose against covid-19.

Lost respect for Norway

Tutu was on several visits to this country. In 1994, he was also appointed honorary doctor at the University of Tromsø. But relations with Norway were not just rosy.

– I have always had great respect for Norway. It’s over, Tutu said NRK i 2014.

The reason was that the Norwegian authorities would not meet the Dalai Lama in May of the same year. The then Foreign Minister Børge Brende (H) explained that the government wanted to prevent relations with China from deteriorating further.

Relations between Norway and China took a cool turn when the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to human rights activist and author Liu Xiaobo in 2010. Xiabo was one of the Communist Party’s biggest opponents.

Tutu did not spare the gunpowder, and said that Norwegians would end up in a “very hot place” on the last day.

Here, Gro Harlem Brundtland and Desmond Tutu are in conversation during a visit to Oslo in 2012.

The tributes flow in

Now Desmond Tutu is being hailed around the world. Also from Norway. VG has spoken with both NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg and Minister for Development Aid Anne Beathe Tvinnereim (Sp):

– Desmond Tutu changed South Africa and with it a whole world. He showed great courage in his unwavering belief in justice and equality, peace and reconciliation, says Stoltenberg.

Tvinnereim tells the newspaper that Tutu inspired an entire world with the way he reconciled South Africa after the fall of the apartheid regime.

Indian President Narendra Modi calls Tutu a leading light for countless people around the world.

All my life in battle

Tutu became known as an opponent of apartheid, but was also concerned with reconciliation between South Africa’s black and white population.

– Forgiving is not the same as forgetting, it is actually remembering. To remember, but not use the right to strike back. It is the possibility of a new beginning, especially if one does not want to repeat what has happened, is one of several quotes that will live on from Tutu.

The archbishop believed that moral, political and economic pressure on the apartheid regime was the only way to force a peaceful solution. His call went to western countries. Tutu never hid his contempt for Western leaders who, on the one hand, condemned sanctions against South Africa, but at the same time advocated a boycott of countries such as Libya.

Undaunted, he sharply criticized a social system that led to the forced relocation of millions of people to black reserves so that whites could have their privileges in peace.

His moral resentment over the racial segregation regime was very strong.

“Apartheid is the worst form of oppression the world has seen since Nazism,” Tutu said.

After a particularly harsh outcome during a visit to Denmark in 1979, the regime confiscated his passport. But he got it back and was often on the go. Among other things to Norway, where he received the Peace Prize in 1984.

Teacher and theologian

Tutu was born on October 7, 1931 in the town of Klerksdorp in northwestern South Africa. When he was twelve years old, the family moved to Johannesburg. Desmond became a teacher as his father, and later studied theology.

In 1975, he was appointed rector of St. Mary’s Cathedral in Johannesburg, the first black man in this position. The following year, as a Soweto resident, he witnessed the uprising in the black city of millions, in which hundreds of lives were lost.

After a brief stint as bishop of Lesotho, he became secretary-general of the South African Church Council (SACC). In 1986 he became Archbishop of Cape Town and thus leader of the Anglican Church in South Africa.

When the new and democratic South African father Nelson Mandela in 2007 created a group of experienced people whom he called The Elders, and who were to give the world community good advice, Desmond Tutu was among the members. Of course, most would say.

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