– It underlines the importance and the need for us to change from a fossil-driven world to a fossil-free world. It is about reducing emissions in the whole society and in the whole world, says Lina Håkansdotter who is head of sustainability at the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise.
That Sweden, which is so small and that Swedish companies can account for so much, how is it to be understood?
– Sweden is a large export nation. Many of the companies you have looked at have operations in other countries and their products are sold in other markets. Many consumers and companies use Swedish business products.
Corresponding to over 800 million tonnes of carbon dioxide. This is the emission bill for 30 of the most climate-damaging Swedish companies, according to Ekot’s survey, which is based on annual reports, other climate reporting and interviews with experts and representatives of the companies.
In the figure for the climate footprint includes emissions from the entire life cycle of the products and services that companies produce. By comparison, this is more than the emissions from the consumption of 100 million EU citizens. One of the reasons for the size of the emissions is that Sweden has several large export companies in industries that have a strong impact on the climate.
The company that tops The emissions league is, according to Ekot’s analysis, the truck manufacturer Volvo, but since the company only reports a fraction of its emissions in public, it is unknown exactly what the figure lands on. Volvo’s press manager Claes Eliasson says the following about the company’s emissions:
– This makes it even more important to continue to be a leader in the transition. We are investing considerable resources in research and development and this is not something we will slow down, says Claes Eliasson.
Volvo is followed in the emissions league of the industrial company ABB, the truck manufacturer Scania and the home electronics company Electrolux.
In several industries, it is the so-called indirect emissions that account for the majority of companies’ climate footprint. For Volvo and their competitor Scania, emissions from the use of their vehicles account for over 95 percent.
Even though this is emissions companies do not directly control, they have an absolute responsibility to lower them, says Andreas Follér, head of sustainability at Scania.
– We have a huge responsibility then. We are one of the largest players globally. in the case of heavy transport. So, together with our customers and partners, we can make sure to find solutions to this huge crisis that we are in, and of course we do.
For other industries, as the food industry, instead most of the emissions come from the production of purchased goods.
And even if it is the customers who choose which goods they buy, the retail chains themselves have a responsibility, says Kerstin Lindvall, head of sustainability at the Ica group.
– Everything that is on store shelves today from food will have to come with a lower climate footprint. But then it is also about helping customers to change goods, to make these behavioral changes, so there are many gears and levers.