Yom Kippur, is considered the holiest day of the Jewish calendar year. A day of atonement, fasting, and prayer, emphasis is placed on individual reflection and atonement in preparation for the year to come. An estimated 15,000 to 20,000 Jews live in Sweden, and because even secular Jews tend to celebrate Jom kippur, as it is written in Swedish, it is our topic of the week! We will study a text in Swedish about Yom Kippur and we will learn a fundamental vocabulary to observe this Jewish holy day.
Jews and Yom Kippur in Sweden today / Jews and Yom Kippur in Sweden today
Yom Kippur falls 10 days after the celebration of Rosh Hashanah, the 2-day celebration of the Jewish New Year. Jews who observe Yom Kippur tend to spend most of the day attending prayer services held in the synagogue. Judiska Församlingen Stockholm has hosted various services over the past few days, both in person and online. Beyond Stockholm, there are 3 other official Swedish Jewish congregations in Göteborg, Malmö and Helsingborg.
Swedish Jews are one of five official minorities in Sweden and Yiddish is considered an official minority language. In Sweden, these minority languages and cultures are protected by law to preserve cultural practices and protect civil rights. Although Islam is a constantly growing religion in Sweden, it is not yet an officially recognized minority. You may recall from my post that 8% of Swedes celebrate the religious festival Eid, an estimated 800,000 Swedish Muslims make up the population.
Vocabulary exercise and fill in the blanks
The following fill-in-the-blank exercise was taken from an excerpt from JFSThe website called Jom kippur, written by Rabbi Ute Steyer. It highlights the main elements of Yom Kippur observance. The terms below are the ones you will need to know in order for you to follow the exercise!
to refrain to refrain
resignation → abstained → abstained
celebrate → celebrated → I have celebrated
fatten mortificarse (abstain from food and pleasures to purify the body)
cracks → cracked → has cracked
fasting → fasting → having fasted
shofar ceremonial ram’s horn
a sunset a sunset
sunset → sunsets → sunsets
An inmigrant An inmigrant
the immigrant → immigrants → immigrants
a service a prayer service
worship service → worship services → worship services
by the way an objective / goal
purpose → purposes → purposes
a prayer shawl prayer shawl
the prayer shawl → the prayer shawls → the prayer shawls
an enemy an enemy
the enemy → enemies → the enemies
A sorry (Oh, sorry
sorry → sorry → sorry
a sentence a sentence
the sentence → sentences → the sentences
a leather shoe a leather shoe
leather shoe → leather shoes → leather shoes
of course of course
worldly things worldly things
visible → visible
Fill in the correct vocabulary word, but make him conjugate it correctly! I will post the correct answers in the comments.
- Jom kippur________ ten days after rosh hashana and falls on the 10th of the month of Tishrei.
- “On the tenth day of the seventh month you, both natives and 2 words and do no work. “
- On Yom Kippur _____________ you for one day, do not eat or drink anything between ___________ until sunset (if you are sick, 2 words eat and drink).
- ____________ is not to think 2 words and instead focus on healing and improvement
- Before yom kippur, one is expected to reconcile with his ___________ by asking for forgiveness but also by giving __________.
- In addition to not eating or drinking on Yom Kippur, it is also customary not to wear __________, wear white clothes, and pair __________ by having sex with each other.
- __________________ that begins on the Day of Atonement is called Coal Nest.
- Kol nidre it is 2 words about forgiveness for promises that one gives to God and does not keep.
- Below kol nidre it is also the only time you have _________, tallit, wearing even at night.
- The last service before Yom Kippur goes out at night when the stars are ________ in the sky again, is called Ne’ila “Closing” ending with the holy ark in the synagogue closing for the last time and we blow ________ one last time.
Would you like more information on the Swedish observance of Yom Kippur? Try an advanced level of listening to Sveriges Morgonandakten radio with Benjamin Garber here.