Thursday, October 21

Choose between “because” phrases in Swedish


Photo by Andrea Piacquadio from Pexels

How do you say “because” in Swedish? In many ways! But what is the difference between therefore, a, because, Y by? While they all have similar meanings, they differ slightly in their application. The main difference is the structure of the accompanying sentence. Put your grammatical capital letters, let’s get down to business with “why phrases”!

Why this post? Why this post?

Why … Because a reader asked for it! Learning to use the correct “because phrase” in Swedish can be confusing. But before we learn a few different ways to say why, let’s talk why. It is the Swedish question word “why” and what drives most of our “why” responses. For instance:

Why do you live in the United States? Why do you live in the United States?

Why do we always eat tacos on Fridays?
Why do we always eat tacos on Fridays?

Ok, why it’s pretty straightforward, right? Let’s get into our topic for the day!

Then why? The details! Why then, now? The details.

A, because, Y why they are all called subordinate conjunctions (subordinating conjunctions). These are words that link independent clauses to dependent clauses. Now if you need a refresher on subordinate clauses, I suggest that you stop reading this post and head over to “Spice it up with Bisatser” first!

The next three sentences are also bisatsinledare, usually carry a subordinate clause. Let’s analyze each of these three a little more, Okay ?!

why

This is commonly used as an explanation or reason for the first part of the sentence.

Hanna didn’t come to work today. why your dog is sick.
Hanna didn’t come to work today. why your dog is sick.

We are explaining the reason why Hanna did not come to work.

as

This word has the same meaning as why. It is most commonly used as co-founder, start a sentence with a subordinate clause.

Since Chelsea always studied after lessons, she learned Swedish quickly.
Since Chelsea always studied after her classes, she learned Swedish quickly.

You can also use as to connect two clauses:

Hanna didn’t come to work as your dog is sick.
Hanna didn’t come to work because her dog is sick.

with the purpose of

With the purpose of it is still the same category as the first two; it’s a bisatsinledare, as well as a subordinate conjunction. But this is used specifically to describe more a desire, a goal, an intention that connects two clauses.

Henrik eats fast with the purpose of he wants I have time to train tonight.
Henrik eats fast because the wants to have time to exercise tonight.

Coordinate conjunction
To differs from the last three as it cannot be used as bisatsinledare. It has the same meaning as why Y as, but this is a phase that helps us connect two clauses, similar to Y Y so.

Hanna didn’t come to work by your dog is sick.
Hanna didn’t come to work why your dog is sick.

why

Why By itself it does not work as a conjunction, it is an adverb. Why is a great mirror word for whyas it directly explains the “why” of the first sentence. It often serves as the foundation in a main sentence, too!

Hannah’s dog was sick. Why she didn’t come to work.
Hanna’s dog was sick. That is why he did not come to work.

We had two main propositions (main clauses) up with why serving as the foundation. You will notice the change in the meaning of why when used as bisatsinledare here. I translated it as “therefore” rather than simply “because”.

“Why didn’t Hanna come to work?”
-Why your dog is sick.

Diversifying the way you answer questions in Swedish is a great skill. There are even more ways to answer someone’s “why” question. Pdue to, caused by, based on, … because, because, because, because, just because! Maybe we’ll dig even deeper in a future blog post.




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